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Wednesday, November 13, 2013

Shoghi Effendi and Grandsons of Abdul Baha




Respect of Shoghi Effendi towards children of Abdul Baha



Here we would like to bring the facts about Shoghi Effendi’s cruelty towards the Holy family of Abdul Baha, as he become Guardian of faith by  will and testaments of Abdul Baha, he turned dictator and started ex-communicating the holy family of Baha’u’llah, the grand children who served the faith in Europe and America. Readers might be wondering why he has ex-communicated the entire grand children of Abdul Baha, what was that heinous crime which they committed, that Guardian has to take such drastic step to ex-communicate them, not only this even he ordered that if someone asked about their well being will also come under wrath of Guardian. First let us list the Noble family members of and Grand Children of Abdul Baha.

Abdul Baha had four Daughters
1.     Ziayyeh Khanum
2.     Touba Khanum
3.     Rouha Khanum
4.     Monavar Khanum

1.     Ziayyeh Khanum, Married to Mirza Hadi Afnan
Children from this marriage
                   I.                   Shoghi Effendi Rabbani
                 II.                   Ruh-Anghiz Khanum
              III.                   Mehr-Anghiz Khanum
              IV.                   Hussain Effendi Rabbani
                  V.                   Riaz Effendi Rabbani

  1. Touba Khanum Married Mirza Mohsen Afnan
    Children from this marriage:
  1. Ruhi Effendi Afnan
  2. Soroya Khanum
  3. Soheil Effendi Afnan
  4. Foad Effendi Afnan

  1. Rouha Khanum, married to Mirza Jalal Effendi Shahid
    Children from this marrieage
  1. Maryam Khanum
  2. Dr. Munib Effendi
  3. Zahra Khanum
  4. Hassan Effendi.

  1. Munavvar Khanum married to Ahmad Effendi Yazdi.

    No Issue.


Direct Excommunication

Ø  Ruhi Effendi Afnan: Grandson of Abdul Baha
Ø  Zahra Khanum: Grand daughter of Abdul Baha and wife of Ruhi
Ø  Soraya Khanum: Grand daughter of Abdul Baha and wife of Feyzi Effendi
Ø  Foad Effendi Afnan: Grandson of Abdul Baha
Ø  Mehr Angiz: Grand daughter of Abdul Baha and Sister of Shoghi
Ø  Feyzi Effendi: Grandson of Baha’u’llah
Ø  Touba Khanum: second daughter of Abdul Baha
Ø  Rouha Khanum: Third daughter of Abdul Baha
Ø  Mirza Jalal Shahid: Husband of Rouha Khanum
Ø  Furughiya Khanum: Daughter of Baha’u’llah
Ø  Agha Sayyed Ali Afnan: Husband of Furghiya Kahnum

Let us examine the cause and effects of these excommunications from the Book of Mirza Ahmad Sohrab “ABDUL BAHA’S GRANDSONS”

Mirza Ahmad Sohrab was confident secretary of Abdul Baha for many years he was well versed in Bahai teachings and trusted lieutenant, he was sent to teach and propagate faith to America, there are numerous tablets of Abdul Baha in respect of Mira Ahmed Sohrab after the sad demise of Abdul Baha when Shoghi took the charge of Bahai administration he quickly realize popularity and influence of Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, he side lined him, Mirza Ahmad sohrab wrote many books for faith, when he saw Shoghi is excommunicating the entire family of Abdul Baha he wrote a Book “Abdul Baha’s Grandsons ” in which he raised his voice for the oppressed souls of Abdul Baha’s Grandsons.


Page 24-26

The year of Disgrace
The law of excommunication puts an absolute ban on those who are expelled from the Faith. The families of these persons and their fellow-believers must leave the ostracized individuals alone. They must neither communicate nor associate with them. They must break all ties of friend­ship and of humanity even; for, if they deviate one hair's breath from this law, they themselves fall into the same ditch.
Thus as time goes on, the number of the excommunicated increases;
RUHI EFFENDI AFNAN
for a few are generally to be found, here and there, who are willing to risk ease and safety in order to follow their generous impulses. Such evidently was the case in the instance of Touba Khanum; it probably is the case in the instance of Rouha Khanum. However, in the instance of Ziayyeh Khanum, the Guardian cables that his parents strongly condemn Mehr-Angiz's action. Thus, Shoghi Effendi's father and mother have been forced to publicly denounce and repudiate their own daughter. Hereafter, they must be as strangers to her. They can never approach her in her hours of trouble or illness. They will never hold their grandchildren in their arms. Such is the Bahai Cause in this year of disgrace—1942.

A Fact Beyond Realization


I intend to take up the matter, treating it in connection with historical data and in the light of reason; and, in order to simplify the subject as far as possible, I will center my thoughts around the personality of Ruhi Effendi Afnan. His excommunication and the reasons given for it tell the story of all the rest
Ruhi Effendi Afnan has twice visited the United States; he has lectured before numerous Bahai gatherings and outside groups; his articles on the Bahai Cause are published in Bahai publications and the records of his loyal services to the Guardian and the Bahai organization are spread on the pages of Baha’i News. Knowing full well that he has not deserved the treatment accorded him at the hands of his cousin, Shoghi Effendi, I am taking it upon myself to vindicate him, as far as I am able.
Having experienced excommunication together with the ostracism of all those who are associated with me, I naturally sympathize with other excommunicated persons. However, this is not the reason that impels me to raise a voice of protest at this juncture.
During eight years, I was fed, clothed and educated by Abdul Baha. Throughout that time, the Master's daughters were most gracious to me and I carry in my memory lively tokens of their kindness. I associated most intimately with their children, and vividly remember the ardent respect of these young ones for their grandfather, and their devotion to him. I hold each and all of them in high regard.
I never objected to my own excommunication, nor did I take it at all seriously; but the excommunication of the very family of Abdul Baha has shaken my being to its foundations. I am amazed and indignant. I am outraged and horror-stricken. The fact that Shoghi Effendi has dared to expel from his own household these souls, in whose bodies run the blood and life of Abdul Baha, is beyond realization.  The reasons given for their
Excommunication are childish to the extreme, having nothing to do with their faith and love for the Baha’i Cause.
In the writing of this book, I have not had the opportunity of con­sulting with any of the members of Abdul Baha'is family. It is certain that none of them would consult with me. Thus, I have asked permission of no one, and am alone responsible for every word appearing here. My own conscience is my sole guide.
Another reason for my taking up the pen in this regard is that a number of Baha’is have written to me on this subject. To put it very mildly, they are disillusioned, shocked and confused. They cannot square the actions of the Guardian with his role in life. They are wondering what precipice is around the corner; toward what swamp of despair the Baha’i Cause is being driven. They are anxiously asking if there may possibly be a modern rational explanation for these medieval and irrational pro­cedures.
We will therefore face the issue: and, as a first step, will examine the Bulls of Excommunication as presented in the up-to-date guise of the cablegram.

Text of Cablegrams (Cablegram received November 10, 1941)
Ruhi's sister married covenant-breaker feyzi, whose mother joined and supported arch-enemy Muhammad Ali and whose father Abdul-Baha denounced openly and repeatedly as His deadly enemy. Ruhi's family concurred, inform all believers (that) all manner (of) communication (with) excommunicated family (is) forbidden.
(Signed) Shoghi Rabbani
(Cablegram received November 10, 1941)
(The) flagrant disloyalty (of) Ruhi’s family compels me (to) disclose information so long (and) patiently withheld (from) Ameri­can believers concerning his failure (to) obtain my approval (of) his second visit (to) America. His Subsequent conduct regarding his marriage which I refrained from revealing (to) anyone except your Assembly, as well as Foad's departure (to) England without my knowledge, should now be made known (to) believers. Confident (of) Unshakable steadfastness (of) exemplary American Baha'i Community-
(Signed) Shoghi Rabbani

Answer sent on November 17th by the National Spiritual Assembly:—
Informing friends (of your) message (about) Ruhi's family. Assure complete obedience protection unity (of) sacred Faith.
(Cablegram received on November 21, 1941)
My confidence (in) immovable steadfastness (and) unstinted loyalty (of) American believers (is) reinforced.
(Signed) Shoghi Rabbani. Bahai News; December, 1941, No 149, pp. 1-2




From Page 11
PROTEST
Against the Excommunication of Members of Baha-O-Llah's Family
signed by Leaders of Religion and Educators
May 1942
In these days when the principles of humanity are threatened on all sides, there is urgent need for men and women of good faith and purpose to band together for the upholding of the common rights of man, within their own communities and religions and within the communities and re­ligions of others.
It is with this thought in mind that the undersigned consider condi­tions within a minority group, namely the Bahai Cause, and make pas­sionate protest against the recent excommunication by Shoghi Effendi Rab-bani, Guardian of the Cause, of certain members of Baha-O-Llah's family. Excommunication, as we take it, is an order for severance of ties be­tween the excommunicated and their fellow-members in Faith. It is an un-Christ-like act which, although practiced in medieval ages by religious authorities, is now totally condemned by enlightened persons of every rank and profession.
Threfore we go on record, at this hour when the Four Freedoms enunciated by the President of the United States are ringing around the earth, endorsing whole-heartedly and without qualifications whatsoever a sentence from Mr. Roosevelt's historic speech before Congress, delivered in January 1941:—
"The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way—everywhere in the world."
On the basis of this principle we insist that, in the New World Order which all of us picture and strive for, the irreligious practice of excom­munication be set aside forever and replaced by the practice of Love and Tolerance as set forth throughout the ages by Christ and the great company of prophets, seers and spiritual teachers.
We urge men and women of all Faiths to consistently oppose, and to refuse to recognize, any and all exclusion acts within their religion, and under all circumstances to keep open the doors of their temples and hearts to their fellow-believers and to their fellows of every race, creed and color.
Signed by:
Mr. David P. Berenberg, Author: A Worker's World; Educator,Lecturer Kedarnath DasGupta, Author: Essence of Religions and Founder of
World Fellowship of Faiths Dr. Georgia Dunn, Professor of Psychology, Hunter College, NewYork
Mr. William Floyd, Editor: Arbitrator; Author, Educator Archbishop William H. Francis of the Old Catholic Church Miss Frances Grant, President of Pan-American Women Association, New York
Mr. Jacob Greenwald, Counsellor-at-Law, New York Dr. John Haynes Holmes, Minister of Community Church, New York Mr. Gordon S. P. Kleeberg, Counsellor-at-Law, New York Commander R. E. Lambert, U. S. N. R.; Editor: Sourcebook Rev. Leon Rosser Land, Minister of Bronx Free Fellowship, NewYork

Dr. John Rowland Lathrop, Minister of Church of the Saviour,
Brooklyn, New York Mr. William Pickens, Director of Branches, National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People, Washington, D. C. Dr. Haridas T- Muzumdar, Author:   The   United Nations of the World; Lecturer, Sociologist
Mr. John J. O'Neill, Science Editor, New York Herald-Tribune Rev. A. J. Muste, Secretary, The Fellowship of Reconciliation, NewYork

The Key. Dr. Charles Francis Potter, Author; The Story of Religion;
Founder and Leader of The First Humanist Society of New York Miss Lisa Sergio, Radio Commentator
Dr. Krishnalal Shridharani, Author: My India, A/y America; Lecturer Dr. Anup Singh, Editor: India To~Day; Author: Nehru, the Rising Star of India
Dr. George Maychin Stockdale, Minister of Church of Christ in Amer­ica, Methodist Branch, Clinton, N. Y. Dr. Eliot White, Clergyman, Writer, Lecturer

PROTEST Comment and Some Notable Letters

In the Old World, we were not our brother's keeper; but were of the cautious type, looking for our own interests and letting ethers shift for themselves. In the New World that is to be, we shall recognize the fact that all of us are part of the human organism and will boldly apply ourselves Io the task of keeping that organism in good shape. The averted eyes, the careful picking of one's way on the other side of the road will no longer be the acceptable attitude; but the straight look and the helping hand will be the characteristic of a new citizenry, everywhere in the world.
Of such an order are the distinguished educators who have condemned the action of Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, Guardian of the Bahai Cause, taken against several members of Baha-O-Llah's family. Excommunication, to their minds, has no place in modem society; intolerance, exclusion and cruel­ty has no place in any society, and so they have condemned this deed and gone On record in a Protest that wil make a landmark in religious history. The Protestant Minister, the Catholic Bishop, the Jewish Rabbi, the Hindu, the Sikh have arisen together to protect the Bahai—their brother before God and man. So have the boundary lines grown thin under the penetrat­ing warmth of the Religion of Love.
Dr. George Maychin Stockdale, Minister of Church of Christ in America, Methodist Branch, Clinton New York, in a letter dated March 25, 1942 writes to us that their Young Men's Class studied Bahaism the previous week and is to consider Shoghi Effendi's excommunications the following Sunday. Dr. Stockdale states that he is ready to do anything "to help banish this ancient barbarism of excommunication from off this earth" and has actually communicated directly with the Guardian on this subject. He encloses a copy of his letter, which w£ herewith reproduce:—
CHIRM OF CHH1ST IN AMERICA
Melhodiet Branch George Maychin Stockdale, Minister
Clinton, New York, March 25, 1942.
Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, Guardian of the Bahai Cause, Persian Colony, Haifa, Palestine. Dear Guardian of the Bahai Cause,
Your Chris like Grandfather, Abdul Bah a, when asked on one occasion, "What is a Bahai?'1 replied,
"TO BE A BAHAI SIMPLY MEANS TO LOVE ALL THE WORLD: TO LOVE HUMANITY AND TRY TO SERVE IT; TO WORK FOR UNIVERSAL PEACE AND UNIVERSAL BROTHER. HOOD."
(J. E. Easlemont, "Baha'U'Llah and the New Era," page 70.)
I Would like to make the above my own definition of what it is to be a Christian. On this definition the Hindu Gandhi and the Buddhist Das Gupta are both Christians and Bahais, as well as true Hindus and Buddhists respectively. Some of my Bahai friends do me more honor than I deserve by telling me that I am a Bahai, although I am just trying to be a Christian.
If we agree on the above, and I hope we do, it is the more amaz­ing to gel word of what are called, and seem to be, your excommuni­cations of Ruhi Effendi Afnan, your* cousin; his wife; your sister and others.
What troubles me, my dear Sir, is the method employed. If we love all humans, and the Love of God cannot dwell in us unless we do, bow can we use any other than Love and Persuasion as our means of seeking change of mind and heart in those we deem wrong? Can excommunication be a method of Love?
Now far be it from us to prematurely make up our minds in this controversy. We would hear your side. Sir. Yet we assure you that even if you should submit proof positive of the commission of the more heinous crimes by any or all of the excommunicated, (which I am sure you wouldn't,) still would we say that the WAY of LOVE demands we retain community with the vilest of sinners. THEY NEED LOVE EVEN MORE THAN NINETY and NINE SPIRITUALLY TRANSFORMED SOULS, in whom GOD (LOVE) DWELLS. That seems dear to me from both the teachings of Christ and of Baha'U'-Llah, interpreted too by Paul and Abdul Baha respectively.
It troubles me too that it is reported that you are not too sure amid this world madness just what loyalty we owe to God and what to the state. We are blessed beyond many here in America, as in Britain, in that the Draft Law here specifically makes room for us pacifists, who could not disobey God at the command of man, no matter what the consequences. We know you have the cares of a world gone mad in suicidal slaughter on your mind and heart. Yet it would be hearten­ing to have from you a word, clear as crystal, that Bahaism officially "although making no attempt to bind the consciences of its individual members, will NOT OFFICIALLY ENDORSE, SUPPORT OR PAR-T1CIPATE IN WAR." I have slipped into the exact words of our Methodist Branch of the Christian Church, with which I agree one hundred per cent.
Yours, strong in the Faith that LOVE (GOD) alone can win,
(Signed) George May chin Stock dale

Shoghi Effendi has not replied to any of this protest.



Tuesday, November 05, 2013

WHAT IS FREE BAHA'I FAITH

  THE FREE BAHA'I FAITH ?
 
INDEX
1-FREE BAHA'IFAITH'S TEACHINGS
A-Social teachings of the Free Bahai Faith:
B-Spiritual teachings the Free Bahai Faith:

2-FREE BAHA'I LAWS

3- A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FREE BAHA'I FAITH
A-Shayk Ahmad-i-Asai and Siyyid Kazim-i-Rashti:
B- The Bab:
C-Baha'u'llah:
D-Abdul-Baha:
E-Ruth White and Zimmer Hermann

4-COVENANT OF BAHAULLAH

5- PRESENT POSITION  
 
What is the FREE BAHA'I FAITH ?

1-FREE BAHA'I FAITH'S TEACHINGS
A-Social teachings of the Free Bahai Faith:
1. The elimination of prejudice.
2. The equality of men and women.
3. Spiritual solution of economic problems.
4. The oneness of all the world's great religions.
5. Universal compulsory education.
6. Independent investigation of the truth.
7. The establishment of a world government, based on principles of collective security and international justice.
8. The harmony of science and religion.
9. The oneness of humanity.
10. A universal auxiliary language and script.
11. A universal system of currency, weights, and measures.
12. The Oneness of God. 


B-Spiritual teachings the Free Bahai Faith:
1. Progressive Revelation - God has progressively revealed His attributes through a series of Manifestations or Prophets including Adam, Krishna, Buddha, Muhammad, Christ, Zoroaster, Moses, the Bab, and Baha'u'llah.
  2. God is an unknowable essence, but His attributes are made known by following the Manifestation of His attributes for our Day.
3. The Manifestation of God's attributes in our time is Baha'u'llah.
4. Prayer is obligatory.
5. Work done is a spirit of service to mankind is the highest form of prayer.
6. Study of the Writings of Baha'u''lah leads to spiritual development.
7. One should prefer his neighbor above himself.
8. Strict adherence to the Covenant of Baha'u'llah and Abdul-Baha's
9. Participation in Free Baha'i community life.

2- FREE BAHA'I LAWS:

1. Free Baha'is should have the permission of both sets of parents, and a Baha'i Marriage.
2. Free Baha'is should say an obligatory prayer at least once a day as prescribed in the Kitab-i-Aqdas.
3. Free Baha'is should be buried within an hours journey from the place of death and have a Baha'i funeral.
4. Gambling is forbidden.
5. The use of intoxicating drinks and drugs is strictly forbidden.
6. Free Baha'is should teach others about their faith.
7. Religion and politics are different.
8. Free Bahais love the entire world; to love humanity and try to serve it; to work for universal peace and universal brotherhood.

 
3-A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FAITH

A-Shayk Ahmad-i-Asai and Siyyid Kazim-i-Rashti:
The first of two teachers who began to teach that a new dispensation was about to dawn, and a new Manifestation about to appear. They taught further that He would bring the entire world together under one banner. 

B-The Bab:
In 1844, the Bab (meaning, the Gate) announced to Mulla Husayn, a follower of Siyyid Kazim-i-Rashti, that He, the Bab, was a Manifestation of God, the Promised Herald of "Him Whom God Shall Make Manifest". The Bab was thrown into prison and moved to two different prisons during a short time. His followers were killed and tortured by the government. Finally, the Bab Himself was executed in the public square of Tabriz.

C-Baha'u'llah:
Baha'u'llah (meaning, Glory of God) was a follower of the Bab. After the death of the Bab, Baha'u'llah in 1853 was thrown in to the Dark Pit of Teheran, and while imprisoned there received the Revelation from God as to the start of His Mission. After release and banishment to Baghdad, Baha'u'llah for a time went into a self-imposed exile into the mountains. The Babi community was more and more degenerated and leaderless. Even though the Bab had appointed a figurehead in Mirza Yahya, the half-brother of Baha'u'llah, the real leadership had always revolved around Him. Finally the community sought Him out and begged Him to return. In 1863, Baha'u'llah publically announced His assumption of the mantle of Prophethood, and declared Himself to be the Promised One of the Bab and all the world's religions. After this He was banished to Constantanople, then Adreianople, and finally to the Holy Land, and the prison city of Akka. There he spent 35 years as a prisoner, and wrote great many volumes of His Scriptures for this dispensation. Toward the end of his life, he was made a prisoner under house arrest in mansion of Bahji. There He passed away in 1892.

D-Abdul-Baha:
Abdul-Baha, was appointed by Baha'u'llah in His own lifetime, to be the appointed interpreter of the Writings, and the Center of His Covenant. To Him all Baha'is to turn for guidance and to remain undivided. Abdul-Baha accepted His father's prophethood at the age of 9 years, and spent His life imprisoned with Baha'u'llah. With the Young Turk revolution Abdul-Baha was freed, and in 1912 He went on a worldwide teaching trip, in Europe and London, and to America. He passed away in 1921.

E-Ruth White and Zimmer Hermann
These were the two divinely guided teachers who came to the conclusion that the position of guardianship which Shoghi Effendi, grandson of Abdul Baha, claimed for himself the position of Guardianship based on FRAUDULENT will of Abdul Baha. Shoghi Effendi changed the most unpolitical religion in the world to a political religion, ignoring the sayings of Abdul Baha that "This religion could not be compressed into an Organisation. Shoghi built up an administration where the spirit of the Religion of Bahaullah and Abdul Baha was completely missing. He became for himself a world dictator a power hungry person who excommunicated all the members of the Abdul Baha's family including his own parents.
He abrogated the most important principle of the Bahai Faith "Independent investigation of the Truth" and called the followers of the Bahai Faith as "Harmful Elements", as "Enemies" or as "Crazy".


4-COVENANT OF BAHAULLAH
The promised one of Bahaullah will appear after one thousand or thousands of years. This is the Covenant which Bahaullah made...in case of differences, Abdul Baha must be consulted.....After Abdul Baha whenever the Universal House of Justice is organised, it will ward of differences.

 
5- PRESENT POSITION

Today free Bahais are residing in different parts of the world like Germany, Russia, Israel, India, Iran, Dubai Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Although few in number they are busy carrying out the teachings of Bahaullah and Abdul Baha, hoping one day the True "House of Justice will" be formed which will ward off any differences.

Monday, September 09, 2013

A FRAUDULENT TESTAMENT Part-10


Chapter 11.
 
XI. HUMANITY RENEWED BY RELIGION CREATES A NEW SOCIETY AS A
FOUNDATION FOR A NEW WORLD.

Baha'u'llah and Abdul Baha have brought into relief a new man, and a new world order resulting therefrom. "For If the charactar of mankind be not changed, the futility of God's universal Manifestations would be apparent." 305 Here the teachings of the founders of the Bahai religion and the teachings of Jesus meet. Kurt Hutten is completely right in saying that a better future is only possible "if the Bahai religion and the men in it can move .. . pulling up the roots of selfseeking, of jealousy, of greediness, of the quest for power etc. out of the hearts of men. A sound world order presupposes sound men."306 The Bab, Baha'u'llah, and Abdul Baha, were the models of these sound men In our time, as Mohammed and Jesus were in their times. And this model was so strong that at the burial of Abdul Baha in Haifa on the slope of Carmel (1921) with the believers, approximately 10,000 Mohammedans, Christians, and Jews followed his casket and "consoled each other". His personality made It possible to tear down all barriers between religions and confessions. His life was tha realization of the teachings of Baha'u'llah united with those of Jesus and Mohammed. Without the realization of the teachings of this Manifestation the world has no chance to have a better future. But if the Will of God penetrates through his prophets into the hearts of men and changes them, then we have the basis capable of forming a New World, which men will easily accomplish with the teachings of Baha'u'llah, which in the meantime will have become intellectual public property.


305.  Baha'ullah, The Book of Certitude, 1970, p. 240 f.
306.  Deutaches Allgemeines Sonntagsblatt". Nr. 43, October, 1968



Chapter 12.
 
EPILOGUE

The single reaction of the Bahai Administration to the preceding text might be that they promote me to the status of "enemy of the Bahai religion" without presenting a single proof for this. In 1964 I was recognized in the (private) "Bahai Nachrichten", of October 16, Vol. 12 as a "covenant-breaker" because I had independently spoken in smaller and larger cities in southern and northern Germany about "the Return of Christ" in Baha'u'llah. In this connection I had only made the remark about the Bahai Organization that we should "come to an understanding". At that time, I myself still believed In a "modus vivendi" with the "recognized Bahais" until I was labelled as above. I could not be excommunicated, because I had never belonged to the Bahai Organization, as I was a member of the former Welt-Union-Bahai and the group around Wilhelm Herrigel. Now I was in the best company, namely in that of Ruth White and Ahmad Sohrab. The latter was designated at his death in 1958 as an "unyielding enemy of the organization", Mrs. White twenty years earlier as a "besotted woman", despite the fact that these two had been excellent fighters for the Cause of Baha'ullah and Abdul Baha. From this moment on I read Sohrab's Broken Silence and Ruth White's Abdul Baha's Questioned Will and Testament 1946 as well as Shoghi's publications and the totally modern Bahai literature. Because my mind would no longer be so manageable, as I grew older and the service as teacher left one with too little time and strength to be able to pursue these not-so-simple questions intensively, I took advantage of the first opportunity to retire.

Exactly at this time, a popular scientific book came into my hands: G. Prause's "Niemand hat Kolumbus ausgelacht", 1966, (No One Had The Last Laugh Over Columbus) in which "the forgeries and legends of history were set right". A page of this book was devoted to the "Constantinian Grant", and this strengthened my Intention to study this old falsification somewhat more closely.

With this I came to the not at all surprising conclusion of a great similarity between the two falsifications. By intensive reading of the alleged testament of Abdul Baha and the simultaneous study of Shoghi's God Passes By I came upon several similar turns of speech. As I systematically opened these up and categorized them, I obtained the Interesting list of almost Identical linguistic phrases.

My brochure published In 1950 Die Wlederkunft Christi, von der die Prophezeiungen sprechen... (The Return of Christ, of Which the Prophecies Speak...), proves that I am no enemy of the Bahai Cause. In it, I took pains to point out the historical bonds between the religion of Christ and the Bahai religion in the nineteenth century. The former member of the "National Spiritual Assembly of Bahai in Germany and Austria" and member of the "Spiritual Assembly of Bahais of Stuttgart", A. Spieth, a colleague, whom I did not know personally at all, assured me In a letter that this representation of the Bahai teachings was "in order". The problem of the alleged testament of Abdul Baha, of the Guardianship and of the Bahai organization were not broached by me at all. After more than eight years' absence in the army and as a POW, I returned home only in 1948 and ended my brochure with the death of Abdul Baha in 1921. The difference in time was too small and — what is still more determining — the necessary literature was not available at that time.

So to whomever now still maintains that I am an enemy of the Bahai religion, I would like to say that in 1937 shortly after the prohibition of the Bahai religion by the Gestapo,  I attempted to request the removal of this ban with the leader of the SS Heinrich Himmler, Boss of the Gestapo in Berlin. In order to lend greater pressure to my written attempt, I went myself to Berlin during my summer vacation in order to speak to the one in charge of the Gestapo. He asked me only one question, "Who gave you the money to travel to Berlin?" When I told him the truth, that I had worked overtime to furnish the money for it, he wanted to know nothing else. Because he could not permit the non-organization Bahais a lifting of the ban of assembly for reasons of principles, I asked him lastly about a time for a renewed discussion about a possible lifting of the ban. He told me I should come back in two years; that would have been in August, 1939. However, there was war in the air by that time, so I did not return to Berlin. My Bahai friends had warned me in 1937 not to travel to Berlin with the words, "You will be put into a concentration camp!" I had only replied to that, "Then I will just be put in a concentration camp."

To whoever further maintains that I am an enemy of the Bahai Religion, I would like to ask one last question: What have you done to get the Bahai religion on the right track? The employees paid by the Bahai Administration, the Hands of the Cause, the secretaries or publishers of all the periodicals are not addressed here. They all sing the song of the one who pays them! Ruth White paid for her critical works herself, Ahmad Sohrab published his criticism of the development of the Bahai religion himself only after the disgraceful trial against him and his employer Mrs. Chanler, who offered her complete means to give the Bahai religion a better start in the USA. Whether my presentation leads the Bahai religion out of its blind alley, I cannot say. Such great organizalions have their own laws, even if there were not "twenty million Bahais" in the world, but perhaps only two million.


Chapter 13.


PRINTS BY PHOTOCOPY - MIMEOGRAPH

As I have already mentioned elsewhere, the Bahai Administration has found it useful to allow critical literature from the Free Bahai group to disappear. Should you not find the books of Ruth White or Ahmad Sohrab in public libraries, prints by photocopy-mimeograph can be forwarded when an enclosure of a postal reply-coupon or Its equivalent in stamps and your exact address are added. Prints:

1. What Mrs. White has to say about the destiny of her check for $US 500.- made out to Abdul Baha (Abbas Effendi) (p. 204f.).

2. Photocopy of this check with the signature of its casher Sh. Effendi, the later Guardian Shoghi (Effendi) Rabbani. (between p. 204 and p. 205).

3. The report of the handwriting expert Dr. C. Ainsworth Mitchell, Colleague of the British Museum in London and publisher of the periodical "The Analyst", about the comparison of the photocopies of the authentic handwriting investigations of Abdul Baha of June 3, 1930 in Ruth White, Abdul Baha's Alleged Will is Fraudulent, an appendix to The Bahai Religion and its enemy... 1930, Rutland, Vermont, p. 14-17.

4.The verdicts printed in American newspapers about the trial by the National Spiritual Assembly of Bahai in the USA and Canada as well as the Spiritual Assembly of Bahai of New York in New York against the New History Society (Free Bahais) under  Mrs. Julie Chanler and Ahmad Sohrab, former secretary to Abdul Baha from 1912-1919. The Bahai Administration lost the first case. Published verdict in "New York Herald Tribune" of April 2, 1941 and in "New York World Telegram" of April 1, 1941. The Bahai Administration also lost the appeal. Published verdict in the "New York World Telegram" of June 19, 1941, in "New York Herald Tribune" of June 20, 1941, and in the "New York Law Journal" of June 19, 1941. The photocopies come from Sohrab, Broken Silence, New York 1942, p. 196, 197 and p. 258.

5. The excommunication of half of the extended family of Abdul Baha by Shoghi Effendi in telegrams of the Guardian of November and December 1941 with his reasons,  taken from Sohrab, Abdul Baha's Grandson (Ruhi Afnan) New York, 1943, pp. 22-29.

6. Brochure Die Wiederkunft Christi, von der die Prophezeiun-gen sprechen..." by Hermann Zimmer, Waiblingen, 1950.


Chapter 14.
 
ABBREVIATIONS OF BIBLIOGRAPHY

Shoghi Effendi


WOB
World Order of Bahau'llah
New York 1938
GPB
God Passes By
Wilmette 1970
Promised Day
The Promised Day Is Come
Wilmette 1967



Ruhiyyih Khanum


Guardianship
Twenty-Five Years of the Guardianship
Wilmette 1948
Passing
The Passing of Shoghi Effendi
London 1958



(Allegedly) Abdul Baha


W.& T.
Will and Testament of Abdul Baha
Wilmette 1971



Esslemont


New Era
Baha'u'llah and the New Era
1923/1970



Hofman


Commentary
A Commentary on the Will and Testament of Abdul Baha
Oxford 1955



White


Bahai Religion
The Bahai Religion and its Enemy the Bahai Organization
Rutland 1929



Ahmad Sohrab


Silence
Broken Silence
New York 1942
Grandson
Abdul Baha's Grandson (Ruhi
Effendi Afnan)
New York 1943
Will
The Wll and Testament of
Abdul Baha, an Analysis
New York 1944



Bahai Publishing Committee


Bahai
The Covenant and Administration
German-Swiss Edition: Bahai,
Das Bundnis und die Verwaltungsordnung
Switzerland 1959
RGG
Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Handworterbuch fur Theologie und Religionswissenschaften
1929/1959
"SdW"
Sonne der Wahrheit
Stuttgart 1921-1953
"BN"
Bahai Nachrichten



Chapter 15.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Baha'u'llah
The Proclamation of Baha'u'llah, Haifa 1967
The Book of Certitude, Wilmette 1970
Three Tablets of Baha'u'llah, Chicago 1918   
The Seven Valleys, Translated by Ali Kuli Khan, Chicago 1906   
The Seven Valleys and The Four Valleys, Translated by Ali Kuli Khan, New York 1936
L'Oeuvre de Baha'u'llah: Les Sept Valees du Voyage Vers Dieu.Traduction    Francaise par Hippolyte Dreyfus, Paris 1923   
Sieben Taler. Deutsch von Dr. Hermann Grossmann, Stuttgart 1950   
Sieben Taler - Vier Taler, Frankfurt 1963

Edward G. Browne  
A Traveller's Narrative, New York 1930

Baha'u'llah and Abdul Baha    
Bahai Scriptures, New York 1928   
Bahai World Faith, Wilmette 1971 


Abdul Baha
The Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. I, Chicago 1922
The Promulgation of Universal Peace, Vol. II, Chicago 1925
Tablets I, New York 1930
Tablets II, Chicago 1919
An die Zentralorganisation  fur einen dauerhaften Frieden, Den Haag, 1919, Frankfurt/M.1948 und Frankfurt/M. 1968

Bahai Publishing Society    

Abdul Baha in London, Chicago 1921
(Allegedly) Abdul Baha - Will and Testament of Abdul Baha, Wilmette 1971

Alfred Diebold

Erlauterungen zum Testament Abdul Bahas, Stuttgart 1930, mim.

David Hofman   

A Commentary on the Will and Testament of Abdul Baha, Oxford 1955

Thornton Chase     

In Galilee, Chicago 1921
Bahai Revelation, German Translation 1925, Excerpt: "Zweck und Ziel der
Bahai-Offenbarung", Waiblingen 1962

Shoghi Effendi    

The World Order of Baha'u'llah, New York 1938
The Promised Day is Come, Wilmette 1967
The Advent of Divine Justice, Wilmette 1969
God Passes By, Wilmette 1970
Bahai Administration, Wilmette 1968   
Citadel of Faith, Wilmette 1970   
Messages to the Bahai World, Wilmette 1971   
The Faith of Balia'u'llah, Wilmette 1971
Der Bahai-Glaube -1844-1952, Frankfurt 1956
Messages To America, Wilmette 1947


Marcus Bach     
Shoghi Effendi, An Appreciation, New York 1958

Ruhiyyih Khanum    
Twenty-Five Years of the Guardianship, Wilmette 1946   
The Priceless Pearl, London 1969


Ruhiyyih/Ferraby
The Passing of Shoghi Effendi, London 1958


The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahais of the United States     Declaration of Trust and By-Laws, Wilmette 1969

J. E. Esslemont   
Baha'u'llah and the New Era, London 1923   
Baha'u'llah and the New Era, Wilmette 1970   
Baha'u'llah und das Neue Zeitalter,   
Verlag des deutschen Bahai-Bundes, Stuttgart 1927
Baha'u'llah und das Neue Zeitalter, Stuttgart 1927
Baha'u'llah und das Neue Zeilalter, Frankfurt 1963
Baha'u'llah und Das Neua Zeitalter, Oberkalbach 1972


Ruth White   
Abdul Baha and the Promised Age, New York 1927
The Bahai Religion and Its Enemy, The Bahai Organization, Rutland 1929
Abdul Baha's Alleged Will Is Fraudulent, Rutland 1930
Abdul Baha's Questioned Will And Testament, Beverly Hills 1946
Correspondence between lhe High Commissionerof Palestine and Ruth White
concerning the alleged Testament of Sir Abdul Baha Abbas, March 1932, German translation, Stuttgart, mimeographed


Ahmad Sohrab   
Abdul Baha In Egypt, New York 1929   
Broken Silence, New York 1942
Abdul Baha's Grandson (Ruhi Effendi Afnan), New York 1943
The Will and Testament of Abdul Baha, An Analysis, New York 1944


Bahai Publishing Committee    
Principles of the Bahai Faith, edited before 1939


Bahai Publishing Trust    
The Covenant and Administration, Wilmette 1971


William Sears    
Thief in the Night, London 1971


G. Townshend    
Christ and Baha'u'llah, Wilmette 1971

Lady Blomfield    
The Chosen Highway, Wilmette 1967

Hushmand Sabet   
Der gespaltene Himmel (The Divided Heaven),Stuttgart 1967

Hermann Grossmann
Das Bundnis Gottes in der Olfenbarungsreligion, Frankfurt 1956


G. Rosenkranz   
Die Bahai, Stuttgart 1949


Kurt Hutten   
Seher, Grubler, Enthusiasten, Stuttgart 1958


Hermann Zimmer   
Die Wiederkunft Christi, von der die Prophezeiungen sprechen ..., Waiblingen 1950      
"Sonne derW ahrheit", Organ des Deutschen Bahai-Bundes Stuttgart
"Bahai-Nachrichten des Nationalen Geistigen Rates dar Bahai in Deutschland"
"Deutsches Allgemeines Sonntagsblatt", Hannover
"Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung", Frankfurt/M.
 "Stuttgarter Zeitung", Stuttgart
Ruhi Afnan, Sekretar Shoghi Effendis von 1922-1936, to Alfred Diebold, Letter of March 12, 1930
Alfred Diebold an die Bahai-Freunde, Letter of May 28, 1930, mimeographed
Adolf Spieth an Frau Luise Zimmer, Letter of  March 1955


Udo Schafer   
Die MiBverstandene Religion, Frankfurt/M. 1968 `   
Die Grundlagen der "Verwaltungsordnung" der Bahai, Heidelberg 1957, Dissertation


Rudolf Jockel   
Die Lehren der Bahai-Religion, Tubingen 1952, Dissertation


Oswald Spongier   
Untergang des Abendlandes, Vol. II, Munchen 1922


Rossler/Franz   
Sachworterbuch zur Deutschen Geschicihte, 1958


Johannes Haller    
Das Papsttum 1934/1950    
Nikolaus 1. und Pseudo-lsidor, 1936

Johannes DoIIinger   
Die Papstfabein des Mittelalters, 1890


Macchiavelli   
Fischer Bucherei 1956


Helmut Lupke   
Historische Falschungen als Werkzeug der Polltik, Berlin 1939


H. Brunner   
Das "Constitutum Constantini" in 'Festgabe fur R. v. Gneist' 1888


Max Buchner   
Die Areopagitika des Abtes Hilduin von St. Denis . . .   
Studien zur FalsChungstechnik am Vorabend der Entstehung der Pseudo-lsidorischen  Dekretalen. 1939

G. Prause   
Niemand hat Kolumbus ausgelacht, Dusseldorf 1966

F. v. Schiller   
"Wallensteins Tod" 1/3Martin Luthers sammtiiche Werke, Erlanger Ausgabe 1830, Vol. 25 -Lexikon fur Theologie und Kirche, 1961
Realenzyklopadie fur Protestantische Theologie, 1902 .
Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Handworterbuch fur Theologie und Religionswissenschaften 1929/1959
The Pocket Oxford Dictionary of Current English Oxford 1952
Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary 1971